Propiedad intelectual; servidumbres; derecho de copia; investigación académica; privatización; derechos de autor; entidades lingüísticas; objetos ideales; entes posibles; publicaciones científicas.
Intellectual property has arisen in our societies in order to solve problems brought about by technical evolution. Some authors regard it as a sui generis notion, other people reject it altogether. Our approach stresses the similarity between this sort of property and ownership in general. We propose a relative justification of intellectual ownership. Those proposals are bound up with a metaphysical elucidation of the intellectual objects of ownership; we put forward viewing them as clusters of possibilia. Intellectual ownership thus vindicated has to fulfil a social function, by resorting to the legal notion of easements or servitudes, whether voluntary or legally binding, especially as regards the outputs of scientific research. We demur at privatizing the benefits derived from publicly funded research.
Intellectual property; ownership; academic research; legal servitudes; privatization; linguistic entities; ideal objects; copyright; copyleft; scientific publications.